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Surge in New Residential Construction Permits in Cities

Some metropolitan communities may be attracting more residents from the suburbs and rural areas.  That’s according to a new report from the Environmental Protection Agency’s John Thomas.

“The real central question here is when you look at the whole central metropolitan area, is there a change in the share of that new residential construction happening downtown relative to the suburban counties, and that’s what I was finding.  And again, it’s not universal is I think one of the other interesting take home messages,” says Thomas.

The trend is most pronounced among the coastal cities as well as in Chicago and Atlanta.  But metro areas like Louisville and other Midwestern cities are not seeing their share of downtown residential developments jump dramatically.  Thomas says the reasons could be anything from lack of development money to the need to rezone a property.

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Environment In-Depth News Local News

Urban Agriculture on the Rise

In the shadow of the brick buildings and barbed wire gates of the old Vogt industrial complex, Greg Graft is farming. His greenhouse sits on a once empty lot behind a company that used to make machine parts in the early 1900s. It’s on the edge of West Louisville, just south of downtown, and the perfect place, Graft says, to grow greens for local restaurants.

“It’s pretty much shipped right out the door every single day, so we have a very little time of it actually spending any time in a cooler or storage facility. So it’s much pretty much from the channel straight to the chefs,” Graft says.

Graft talks about this successful agricultural venture between rows of hydroponic herbs and lettuce. Tubes of water feed into the slender trays holding more than 13 thousand greens. And Graft says he can grow his products more quickly, and closer together, than he could if he were farming in soil—a good scenario for an urban operation. While he may be one of the city’s few, Graft says economic conditions as well as a growing interest in local food may inspire more urban farmers.Hydroponic lettuce and herbs growing in Grateful Greens\' Greenhouse

“Just in the last two or three months, I’ve had this really kind of a gut feeling that there’s going to be a lot more people getting into urban agriculture or trying to get in to the inner city. The farmers’ markets have really started to expand, you’ll really, even in the Louisville area, start to notice there’s just so many more that have popped up,” says Graft.

His gut feeling may be reality. The Windy city just launched the “Chicago Fresh Initiative,” which, in part, aims to start growing food on vacant city properties. The Kansas City Center for Urban Agriculture offers city farmers a spot in a communal greenhouse. Seattle’s P-Patch community gardens now supply nearly 10 tons of food a year to city food banks.
Hydroponic lettuce and herb seeds get their start this way.
While community gardens and farmer’s markets have long histories, new attention is being paid to urban farming as a viable way to feed families. Michael Levenston started the educational organization City Farmer in Vancouver, British Columbia nearly 30 years ago.

“The recognition of it as a subject worthy of people’s interest is the huge change. It’s being studied by students at university, being looked at by mayors as something to think about. This is dramatic change,” Levenston says.

Louisville has not yet seen that dramatic change. There’s a city effort underway to bring more food from nearby farmers to the city, including plans for a year-round downtown farmers’ market. But there’s no official effort to increase food production within the city. Still, County Cooperative Extension Service agent Denise Peterson says she’s getting more calls than ever from individuals wanting to join a community garden or needing gardening advice.

“We’ve definitely seen an increase in the number of participants. A lot of first time gardeners, or people that perhaps haven’t done it for quite a while who now with the higher food prices and fuel prices have decided to put in a garden,” says Peterson.

Peterson says the waiting list for community gardens is three years long, but the city isn’t tapping all of the resources it could to meet that demand.

“We have a lot of unused property. We have a lot of unused potential of humans that would really like to grow a few things and supply their community,” Peterson says.

The city owns a long list of vacant or unused lots. But it’s up to developers—and the city—how those lots are used. Nonprofits that want to put in a community garden can lease lots for only a dollar. The city probably won’t see the kind of large scale production rural farms put out. But it is seeing a growing number of community gardens, commercial growers, and even individual balcony and back yard gardens that are producing enough to feed many mouths. But urban gardeners beware: the soil in older parts of town could be contaminated with lead. Best to have it tested, or farm in raised beds.